Insects

Rhopalocera (Butterflies)

Details of faunal elements special to this area Is given below.100 species of Butterflies have been recorded in this area. Of this, Mycalesis, Oculus, Paranticanil, Giriensi, tirunala Limniace, Tirunala Septentrionis,Neptis Hylas, Vanessa Indica,(Nymophalidae), Acytolepas Puspa, Udara Singalensis, Janides Bochus, Udara Akasa,(Lycaenidae),Eeurema blanda, Euremahecabe and Pieris canidia (pieridae) were the most ubiquitous species. Among these Mycalesis oculus, vanesaindica and Pieris canidia were the most abundant species and were found to be characteristic of Shola Forests, not being represented frequently in other forest types in the Western Ghats. Certain rare species like Libythea lepita, Pantoporia ranga, Rohana parisatis, Zipoetis saittis (NumPhalidae) and Jamides Alecto (Lycaenidae ) etc. have also been recorded. The list of butterflies in the National Park is given in Annexure 5.

Heterocera (moths)

Out of 232 morpho species of heterocerans recorded, 108 were identified as given in Annexure 6. The families Pyralidae, Geometridae, Noctuidae and Arctiidae were ubiquitous being present in all the sampling sites. These families accounted for more than half of all the species collected from these sholas. Lymantriidae and Tortricidae were the next most abundant heteroceran families of the study area followed by Syntomidae, Pterophoridae, Lasiocampidae, Bombycidae, Tineidae, Sphingidae, Notodontidae, Cossidae and Phycitidae. The species Sangatissa subcurvifera (Lymantriidae); Larentia flavistrigata, Racotis inconclusa and Spilosoma casignetum (Geometridae) were some of the Himalayan species that are present in Pambadum Shola

Other insects

Other than the above listed species of insects, beetles, bees, wasps, dragonflies as well as syrphid and tabanid flies were very abundant in the region